Designing production facilities requires a particularly careful approach. This process is different from the planning of other types of buildings, such as residential or public buildings. During the design of production premises, it is worth considering not only generally accepted norms, but also the functions and technological tasks of the future enterprise.
Industrial buildings are designed in stages. The first stage includes space planning taking into account all norms and requirements, as well as the features required by the technological process. The second stage of designing production facilities covers calculations related to service buildings and offices. The third stage is the application of generally accepted norms to the drawing to ensure optimal working conditions. The fourth stage of industrial premises design is heating planning. The fifth includes work with water and electricity, sewerage and other communications.
Designing production premises is a rather difficult task that should be entrusted to experienced specialists. During the process, it is necessary to take into account every detail that will have an impact on the progress of work and the safety of builders.
There are several factors that affect the design process, including:
- Sufficient amount of free space – each type of activity related to the technical process in production requires a certain area per employee. This applies to both horizontal and vertical space. As a rule, the design of production facilities implies the creation of high ceilings, and there are almost no restrictions in this regard. At the same time, there may be problems with the ground area. Only experienced specialists can competently design the space.
- Proper placement of machines – each employee should have free access to their workplace, and the principle of equipment placement should be made in accordance with the postulates of ergonomics. The design of industrial buildings is also developed taking into account safety rules.
- Provision of all types of communications – during the design of industrial buildings, special attention should be paid to the planning of communications, in particular electricity supply and the possible placement of autonomous generators.
Design of warehouses and complexes
The design of warehouses should be carried out taking into account this special type of building. The arrangement of this type of space should be carried out taking into account all its features.
It may seem that warehouse design is a completely simple task as this is just a large open space. In fact, there is a huge number of factors that need to be taken into account when designing this type of industrial building.
First of all, it is necessary to properly organize the internal structure of the room. This includes the arrangement of racks or other furniture for storing goods, creating optimal conditions for their storage (ventilation system), planning routes for large equipment and more. The design of warehouse complexes also includes a lot of other factors without which the room will not be able to function.
There are several types of storage shops, such as industrial goods, food. Designing the warehouse of each of the listed types requires a separate approach.
Factories and workshops design
As we have already found out, designing industrial buildings is quite a long and painstaking process. The main task is to take into account all the nuances that may affect the final result.
The design of factories and workshops is also divided into several stages:
- Pre-project development – includes the collection of all necessary information and its analysis. Design of factories, as well as other premises, is impossible without the advice of architects, electricians, plumbers and other specialists.
- Preparation of documentation – it is impossible to start a legal establishment without obtaining certain permits and approvals of documents. The design of workshops requires a list of necessary papers.
- Creation of a working project of production buildings and premises – at this stage all the details of the future design are being worked out. Only when the design of production facilities is fully completed the construction can start.
Designing production facilities is a complex activity that requires the participation of a huge number of specialists: from lawyers to plumbers. It is impossible to create such a plan without special education and work experience. Work on the design of industrial buildings should be carried out by professionals, only in this case the building can be put into operation.